NOTE: The main text of RA 6541 is here.
AN ACT TO ORDAIN AND INSTITUTE A NATIONAL BUILDING CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES
ANNEX A- DEFINITIONS
A.01: Accessoria or Row House. A house of not more than two stories, composed of a row of dwelling units entirely separated from one another by party wall or walls and with an independent entrance for each dwelling unit.
A.02: Accessory Building. A building subordinate to the main building on the same lot and used for purposes customarily incidental to those of the main building, such as servants’ quarters, garage, pumphouse, laundry, etc.
A.03: Alley. Any public space or thoroughfare which has been dedicated or deeded to the public or of public use as a passageway.
A.04: Alter or Alteration. Any change, addition, or modification in construction or occupancy.
A.05: Apartment. A room, or suite of two or more rooms, designed and intended for, or occupied by one family for living, sleeping, and cooking purposes.
A.06: Apartment House. Any building or portion thereof, which is designed, built, rented, leased, let, or hired out to be occupied, or which is occupied as the home or residence of three or more families living independently of each other and doing their own cooking in the said building, and shall include flats and apartments.
A.07: Arcade. Any portion of a building above the first floor projecting over the sidewalk beyond the first-story wall used as protection for pedestrians against rain and sun.
A.08: Area. An open subsurface adjacent to a building or lot line.
A.09: Assembly Building or Hall. A building or a portion of a building used for the gathering together of fifty or more persons for such purposes as deliberation, worship, entertainment, amusement, or awaiting transportation or of a hundred or more persons in drinking and dining establishments.
A.10: Attic Story. Any story situated wholly or part in a roof, so designed, arranged, or built as to be used for business, storage, or habitation.
A.11: Awning. A movable shelter supported entirely from the exterior wall of a building and of a type which be retracted, folded, or collapsed against the face of a supporting building.
B.01: Backing. The surface or assembly to which veneer is attached.
B. 02: Balcony. A portion of the seating space of an assembly room, the lower part of which is raised 1.20 meters (4 feet) or more above the level of the main floor.
B.03: Balcony, Exterior Exit. A landing or porch projecting from the wall of a building, and which serves as a required means of egress.
The long size shall be at least 50 per cent open, and the open area above the guardrail shall be so distributed as to prevent the accumulation of smoke or toxic gases.
B.04: Barbecue. A stationary open hearth or brazier, either fuel-fired or electric, used for food preparation.
B. 05: Basement. A portion of a building between floor and ceiling which is partly below and partly above grade but so located that the vertical distance from grade to the floor below is less than the vertical distance from grade to ceiling.
B.06: Bay or Panel. One of the intervals or spaces into which the building front is divided by columns, buttresses, or division walls.
B.07: Boarding House. A house with five or more sleeping rooms where boarders are provided with lodging and meals for fixed sum paid by the month, or week, in accordance with the previous arrangement.
B. 08. Boiler Room. Any room containing a steam or hot water boiler.
B.09: Buildable Are. The remaining space in a lot after deducting the required minimum open spaces.
B.10: Building. Any structure built for the support, shelter, or enclosure of persons, animals, chattels, or property of any kind.
B.11: Building, Existing. A building erected prior to the adoption of this Code or one for which a legal building permit has been issued.
B.12: Building Height. The vertical distance from the established grade elevation to the highest point of the coping of a flat roof, to the average height of the highest gable of a pitch or hip roof, or to the top of the parapet if the roof is provided with a parapet. In case of sloping ground, the average ground level of the buildable area shall be considered the established grade elevation.
B.13: Building Length. Its general linear dimension, usually measured in the direction of the bearing wall for girders.
B.14: Building Official. The officer charged with the administration and enforcement of this Code; the City Engineer or the City Public Works Supervisor in the case of chartered cities, and the Municipal Engineer, the Land and Building Official, or the Public Works Engineer in the case of provinces and municipalities.
B.15: Building Width. Its shortest linear dimension, usually measured in the direction of the floor, beams or joists.
C.01: Cellar. The portion of a building between floor and ceiling which is wholly partly below grade and so located that the vertical distance from grade to the floor below is equal to or greater than the vertical distance from grade to ceiling.
C.02: Chimney Classifications:
(a) Residential Appliances Type. A factory-built or masonry chimney suitable for removing products of combustion from residential type appliances producing combustion gases not in excess of 538C (1000F) measured at the appliance flue outlet.
(b) Low-Heat Appliance Type. A factory-built, masonry or metal chimney suitable for removing the products of combustion from fuel-burning low-heat appliances producing combustion gases not in excess of 538ºC (1000ºF) under normal operating conditions but capable of producing combustible gases of 760ºC (1400ºF) during intermittent forced firing of period up to one hour. All temperatures are measured at the appliance flue outlet.
(c) Medium-Heat Appliance Type. A factory-built masonry or metal chimney suitable for removing the products of combustion from fuel-burning medium-heated appliances producing combustion gases not in excess of 1093ºC (2000ºF) measured at the appliance flue outlet.
C.03: Chimney Connector. The pipe which connects a flue-burning appliance to a chimney.
C.04: Chimney, Factory-Built. The listed chimney.
C.05: Chimney Liner. The lining material of fire clay or other approved material.
C. 06: Chimney, Masonry. The chimney of solid masonry units, bricks, stones, listed hollow unit masonry units, or reinforced concrete.
C.07: City. A political subdivision usually governed by a mayor and a council having local legislative authority with broad powers of self-government granted to it by its charter.
C.08: Concrete Block. A hollow or solid concrete masonry unit made from portland cement and suitable aggregates such as sand, gravel, crushed stone, bituminous or anthracite cinders, burned clay or shale, pumice, volcanic scoria, air-cooled or expanded blast furnace slags.
C.09: Coping. The material or units used to form a cap of finish on top of a wall, pier, or pilaster.
C.10: Corrosion-Resistant. The non-ferrous metal, or any metal having an unbroken surface of non-ferrous metal, or steel with not less than 10 per cent chromium or with not less than 0.20 per cent copper.
C.11: Corrosion-Resistant Materials. Materials that are inherently rust-resistant or materials to which an approved rust-resistive coating has been applied either before or after forming or fabrication.
C.12: Course. A continuous horizontal layer of masonry units.
C.13: Court. An unoccupied space between building lines and lot lines other than a yard fre
e, open, and unobstructed by appendages from the ground upward.
D.01: Dispersal Area (Safe). An area which will accommodate a number of persons equal to the total capacity of the stand and building it serves, in such a manner that no person within the area need be closer than 15.00 meters (50 feet) from the stand or building. Dispersal areas shall be based upon an area of not less than 0.28 square meter (3 square feet) per person.